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History of Hydraulics

The use of fluids to create energy and get equipment to work has been used for many centuries. The Ancient Greeks built complex systems using water and hydraulic power, including irrigation systems, canals and aqueducts. Water was also once used to turn mills, and today we use fluid to run equipment and create force. Hydraulics is a perfect example of how the power of fluid can be harnessed to get work done safely and efficiently. In hydraulic equipment pressurised fuel is used to galvanise energy into pure power.

Blaise Pascal in 1648 discovered that fluids exerted an equal force in all directions. He claimed that one day we would be able to use this power and use the liquid to our advantage. In 1738 Daniel Bernoulli, a Swiss Mathemarician decided to prove Pascal’s theory by using pressurised water in mills and pumps. Joseph Bramah in 1975 took it a step further and patented the first hydraulic press and allowed the production of machines to cut or stamp things. Later hydraulic systems went on to be used in cranes and printing presses. This is one of the foundations of the industrial revolution. Bramah used Pascals discovery to multiply a small amount of force and create large amounts of pressure that was capable of powering machinery and lifting very heavy objects.

Through design and experimentation, it was decided that water was not the best liquid for the hydraulic equipment. Soon, it was discovered that oil was a better choice – a non-corrosive dense oil, to be more specific. This type of oil would be able to perform to a great degree and create more power while not corroding the machine. It doesn’t evaporate as easily as the others, and holds its temperature more readily that water.

From the industrial revolution through to today, hydraulics has become much more common and used within a variety of industries. Innovations occurred more frequently, and new materials were used in new internal designs creating bigger forces generating more power which allowed faster and more impressive production.

Hydraulics when compared to electric motors are more effective at lifting heavy objects and forcing things to move. They are much easier to control safely and precisely and are more efficient in protecting workers.

As suppliers of quality hydraulic components, Power Team SA, understands the power that can be found within hydraulic equipment. Through years of work within the industry, Power Team SA can provide expert and professional solutions to client’s hydraulic needs from accessories to large equipment.